Introductions to the CISG

Primers on the CISG from common law and civil law perspectives

An overlay

Force Majeure

Force Majeure and Hardship in the Age of Corona: A Historical and Comparative Study (2020)

COVID-19: Force Majeure under the CISG (2020)

2019 Commentary

CISG and Tech Related Matters


  • Uniform Commercial Code- Digest consists of case law on various U.S. commercial law topics. It also touches upon CISG, where deemed relevant. It is available online through Lexis/ Nexis and is updated periodically.

Recent CIETAC Analysis (2019)

A view from South Africa

  • Analysis by Sieg Eiselen of South Africa. Analysis of: The need for unification of international sales law; Development of the CISG; Other methods to achieve legal unification or solve problems of international sales; The case for adoption; The case against adoption; Experience with the CISG thus far.

A view on Turkey- U.S. Contracts

Other analyses

Seminal text

Other primers on the CISG have been prepared by law revision commissions or authorities from many countries. For citations to them, see the Bibliography on the CISG.


Pace Law School Institute of International Commercial Law
Last updated: 
Sunday, February 28, 2021
Last updated: 
Gizem Alper